Personal ornaments (beads, pendants, rings and bracelets) made from various raw materials (shell, bone, tooth, stone, ceramic) have been recovered from a relatively small number of Early Neolithic sites in Southeast Europe. This paper reviews the evidence of the beads from Early Neolithic Romania and the neighbouring areas, with one specific bead type (flat disc beads) representing an innovative form that appears to have spread through Southeast and Central Europe as part of the ‘Neolithic package’. We review such finds from Romania and place them within the broader regional context of the Starčevo (in particular) and Early Neolithic (in general) cultural phenomenon.