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A set of red deer canine imitations from the Iron Age necropolis at Valea Stânii (Argeş County, Romania) (Authors: Dragoș Măndescu, Mihai Constantinescu, Monica Mărgărit), Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae (BDI journal), 70(2), 2019, p. 301-315 - Personal adornment in the Prehistory of the Northern Danube territory: aesthetic or socio-cultural symbol?

Red deer canine ornaments have been known since the Upper Paleolithic as symbolic markers of the status of the possessor. A recent discovery made at the Iron Age cremation necropolis of Valea Stânii (Romania) probably provides the latest prehistoric occurence of this type of personal adornment. This find was part of the grave goods in the burial in the barrow 4, a double grave (an adult woman and a subadult individual of unidentified sex). Among the cremated bones of the subadult were found 16 personal adornments made of red deer antler, imitating red deer canines. Most likely, the ornaments were sewn onto the funeral clothes. Such imitations of deer canines indicate the transmission of certain cultural traditions, perhaps related to prestige and representation, over a few millennia until the end of the Iron Age in Eastern Europe.