The project is designed to fill in an important gap in the existing scientific knowledge on the research subjects proposed, and thus addresses a wide scientific audience. The estimated results will swiftly increase the visibility of the Romanian Holocene paleo-environmental and archaeological records, allowing for a direct correlation with the much more detailed data of Western Europe for the first time. The topics of the project are very complex, these kind of problems being only recently inquired in modern archaeological research at an international level (e.g., Boyd et al. 2011; Shennan 2011; Smith 2013 etc.). Moreover, as we have highlighted from the beginning of our presentation, the topic of the project may be correlated to the great problems to which the contemporary society has been faced, related to the adaptation to radical environmental changes. Thus, it becomes not just a topic of interest for prehistory specialists, but also a topical issue for all the specialists concerned with environmental, ecological or natural risk issues. By the present project proposition, the aim is to realize an interdisciplinary approach of the topic under analysis, and to build a theoretically innovative and methodologically consistent analysis model, the research topics proposed by this project being fully integrated into the array of priorities and tendencies of exploratory synthesis promoted by the prehistoric research worldwide nowadays. The interdisciplinary aspect is all the more evident as the theoretical-methodological objectives and the clearly applicative side of the project require different, complementary skills (archaeozoology, malacology, paleoichtiology, technology, traseology, theoretical archeology, anthropology etc.), which may be covered only through a collaboration with specialists from the above-mentioned disciplines.