Personal adornment in the Prehistory of the Northern Danube territory: aesthetic or socio-cultural symbol?

Project

Abstract

Personal adornments are an inexhaustible source of reflection because by means of these objects, we can identify the symbolic behavior of the prehistoric groups, but also they can reflect some socio-economic aspects of these communities or they may become the markers of borders and the network trades in Prehistory. This project aims to analyse the prehistoric personal ornaments from the Northern Danube territory, following several aspects: 1. characterisation of prehistoric societies, in particular their social organisation, exchange systems and ethno-cultural units, through the study of personal ornaments found in necropolis and settlements; 2. creation of experimental reference collections for the ...
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Scientific context and motivation

History of the personal adornments was written in the same time as that of the Homo sapiens, being a marker of modernity (e.g., d’Errico et al.2005; Vanhaeren 2006; Bouzouggaret al.2007). They represent one of the few modalities through which we may accede to information regarding the social and spiritual structure of the prehistoric communities. It is unanimously accepted that beyond their esthetic function, personal adornments represent the proof for the existence of a complex communication system (Wynn and Coolidge 2007; Botha 2008; Henshilwood and Dubreuil 2009, 2011; Kuhn and Stiner 2007; Kuhn 2014; Stiner 2014) transmitting messages on: the affiliation ...
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Project justification

Considering this multitude of significations, it has been underlined the remarkable importance of the ornament in the reconstruction of the social structure within the prehistoric communities, in the identification of the geographic limits and, implicit, of the practiced exchange system (eg., Newell 1990; Rigaud 2011; Taborin1993; Trubitt 2002; Vanhaeren et al. 2006 etc.). Despite the general interest manifested for this topic and a rich european literature concerning the appearance and evolution of personal adornments, the tehnological, traseological, ethno-archaeological studies have had little impact on the archaeological record, or even largely failed to enter the Romanian archaeological mainstream literature. A factor that ...
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Methodology

(1) Choosing the methods and instruments of investigation, in relation to the newest approaches from the theme field, and how they will be integrated. The study will be conducted according to the following methodological principles: a) mapping of available knowledge and state of the art; b) enrichment of this heritage through the production of new data by case study and then by regional synthesis. At the level of the investigation methods, we intend to compare and integrate the indicators of personal adornments evolution established for the two sequences (Neolithic/Eneolithic) in order to address the following questions: (a) Were these changes induced ...
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Team of project

- Monica Mărgărit - project leader; - Lazăr Răduș Alexandru Cătălin - young researcher - he will assure the archeological background; - Ignat Theodor-Aurelian -  young researcher - he will investigate the ceramic ornaments and he will participate at the experimental program; - Dulamă Ioana-Daniela - young researcher  - she will coordinate SEM+EDS analyses on the ornaments and pigments: - Teodorescu Sofia - young researcher - she will coordinate the personal adornments analysis by RAMAN spectroscopy; - Știrbescu Raluca Maria - young researcher - she will coordinate the personal adornments analysis by FTIR spectroscopy; - Zavalaș Theodor-Valentin - doctoral student - he deals with the ...
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Implementation

Objectives

Understanding the considerable potential of personal adornments for revealing important aspects of the social and religious life of prehistoric communities, the central purpose of this paper is to analyse and compare the types of ornaments used in the North of the Danube, especially along the Neolithic and Eneolithic, to provide an integrated image on the modalities in which the use of certain types of ornaments had socio-economical effects. The investigations will cover as priority domains: the evolution of the ornaments types (e.g., mutations in the raw materials selection or in the processing of certain raw materials) and of correlative human ...
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Manufacturing technique and social identity: three cases of ‘manufacture-by-wear’ technique (Authors: Monica Mărgărit, Pavel Mirea, Adrian Bălășescu), Archaeofauna 27(ISI journal), 2018, p. 253-274

This paper focuses on the identification of changes in the processing of osseous materials in the southeast European Neolithic, beginning with three types of production by manufacture wear technique typical for the region: bipartition by abrasion, segmentation with fibre and perforation by wear technique. The processing of osseous materials is strongly conditioned by their natural anatomic shapes which is why only a restricted range of possible transformation variables, with minimum changes through time, would be expected. However, numerous specialists invoke the cultural value conferred by the community as the preeminent element in the selection of raw material more than the ...
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NATIONAL RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION PLAN, 2015-2020, PN III
P1-Development of the National Research and Development System
Subprogramme 1.1. – Human Resources
Financing instruments: Research Projects to Stimulate Young Independent Teams – ET
Scientific Domain: SH. SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
Subdomain: The Study of the Human Past: Archaeology and history
Project Number: 128/2018
Project Code: PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2016-0182
Project Duration: 24 Months
Contracting Authority: Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI)
Host Institution: Valahia University of Târgoviște
Project Leader: PhD Monica Mărgărit
Budget: 449.995 Lei

Project leader: Monica Mărgărit
Valahia University of Targoviște
Adress: B-dul Regele Carol I, No. 2, Targoviște, Dambovița County
e-mail: monicamargarit@yahoo.com
e-mail: eneolithicbonetools@gmail.com